Results showed that at least a tenth of the Harvard first-year undergraduates polled admitted to having cheated on an exam prior to starting at the university, while almost half admitted to cheating on their homework. An anonymous survey by Harvard's newspaper has revealed a surprising pattern of academic dishonesty among students entering the US universities.
The survey by The Harvard Crimson was emailed to the incoming first year undergraduates;1,600 students responded. Results showed that at least a tenth of the students polled admitted to having cheated on an exam prior to starting at the university, while almost half admitted to cheating on their homework.
Athletes were apparently the most prone to cheating. 20 percent of students who played a university sport admitted to cheating on an exam compared to 9 percent of students who did not.
The survey also revealed that men were not only more likely to cheat but were also more likely to admit to it.
The results, compared to a previous survey done on the class of 2013, suggested that cheating may be becoming more commonplace. Of the outgoing seniors only 7 percent admitted to cheating in an exam and another 7 percent said they had been dishonest on a take-home test. 32 percent of the seniors said they had cheated on homework during their undergraduate years..
The surveys come in the wake of a cheating scandal at the university which saw 120 students investigated for sharing answers on an exam in 2012. One recent graduate stated: "Cheating was commonplace when I was at Harvard, especially with students in their first year or two. I would say as many as 60 per cent of students took notes into some exams. No one really cared the faculty,well some of them at least, seemed to recognize and yet ignore the problem."
In an email to NBC News, Jeff Neal, a Harvard representative, explained that a committee,made up of faculty, staff and students had been established to tackle cheating, which "is a national problem in American education".
He added: "While the vast majority of Harvard and other students do their work honestly,beginning this year Harvard College has implemented a new, more robust strategy of communicating with all students, particularly first-year students, about the importance--and the ways to achieve--academic integrity."
In a rebuff to critics who say university has become little more than an expensive party, 84 per cent of the responding undergraduates fully expected to prioritize their academics over extracurricular activities, sport, employment and their social lives. Not a single student put academics at the bottom of their list. Not content with confining themselves to their degree subject,59 percent of incoming students expressed a desire to pursue a secondary field of study, and 36
percent hoped to learn a language.
Which of the following is not the measure taken by Harvard University?
B．Communicate with students about the importance of academic honesty.
C．Punish the students who cheat and if cheat, with no diploma.
D．Communicate with students about how to achieve academic integrity.
（1）图表中 A 是当时最大的民用企业，请写出该企业的名字及这一时期工厂分布的特点。(6 分)
（2）材料一中说明李鸿章主张兴办民用企业的目的是什么？ (4 分)
(2) Teaching Aims
Knowledge aims: ① Students can learn the new words:spring, summer, fall, winter.
② Students can master the sentence pattern: What is your favorite season
Ability aim: Through cooperation and discussion, students can describe their favorite season and their listeningand speaking ability can be improved.
Emotional aim: Students' love for nature can be aroused.
Warming up and lead-in(导入环节)：
T：What’sthe weather like today
②Ask students how many months and seasons there are in a year to lead in the new topic．
Activity 1 :Do a survey
Let students find out their partners' favorite season using the new sentence they have learned and ask reasons,and then finish the chart.
Activity 2:Draw a picture
According to their favorite season, each student should draw a picture and try to describe their pictures to others.
Salesgirl: Good morning. What can I do for you?
Tang Hua: I'd like to buy some bananas and oranges.
Salesgirl: Sorry, no more bananas. But we have oranges.
Sara: How much are the oranges?
Salesgirl: 2 yuan for a kilo. They're on sale now.
A.效度 B.信度 C.区分度 D.难度
Many objects in daily use have clearly been influenced by science, but their form and function, their dimensions and appearance, were determined by technologists, artisans, designers, inventors, and engineers-use nonscientific modes of thought. This kind of thinking way is different
from science. Many features and qualities of the objects that a technologist thinks about cannot be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions; they are dealt with the mind by a visual, nonverbal process. In the development of Western technology, it has been non-verbal thinking, by and large, that has fixed the outlines and filled in the details of our material surroundings. Pyramids, cathedrals, and rockets exist not because of geometry or thermodynamics, but because they were first a picture in the minds of those who built them.
The creative shaping process of a technologist's mind can be seen in nearly every artifact that exists. For example, in designing a diesel engine, a technologist might impress individual ways of nonverbal thinking on the machine by continually using an intuitive sense of rightness and fitness.
What would be the shape of the combustion chamber? Where should valves be placed? Should it have a long or short piston? Such questions have a range of answers that are supplied by experience, by physical requirements, by limitations of available space, and not least by a sense of form. Some decisions such as wall thickness and pin diameter, may depend on scientific calculations, but the nonscientific component of design remains primary.
Design courses, then, should be an essential element in engineering curriculum. Nonverbal thinking of a central mechanism in engineering design, involves perceptions, the stock-in-trade of the artist, not the scientist. Because perceptive processes are not assumed to entail "hard thinking", nonverbal thought is sometimes seen as a primitive stage in the development of cognitive process and inferior to verbal or mathematical thought. But it is paradoxical that when the staff began the Historic American. Engineering Record wished to have drawing made of machines and isometric views of industrial processes for its historical record of America engineering, the only college students with the requisite abilities were not engineering students, but rather students attending architectural schools.
If courses in design, which in a strongly analytical engineering curriculum provide the background required for practical problem-solving, are not provided, we can expect to encounter silly but costly errors occurring in advanced engineering systems. For example, early models of high-speed railroad cars loaded with sophisticated controls were unable to operate in a snowstorm because a fan sucked snow into the electrical system. Absurd random failures that plague automatic control systems are not merely trivial aberrations: they are a reflection of the chaos that results when design is assumed to be primarily a problem in mathematics.
What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
B．Nonscientific modes of thought are very important for material surroundings.
C．Science is not significant for our daily supplies.
D．Build a picture in your mind, then design.